Since ancient times, the Scandinavians and the other northern folks have consumed fish oil. In the harsh conditions of the North meat production and land cultivation was difficult and the main food of the Eskimos was considered fish. Their digestive system is perfectly adapted for consuming large amounts of fats. Northerners know many ways to cook fish: they eat it raw, frozen, boiled, dried, smoked, and fried. Fish oil is obtained from fresh fish by boiling and is used for protection the skins and shoes, as well as an insect repellent. This helped them survive with the lack of sunlight and plant food. The European sailors borrowed the traditions of eating fish oil and brought them to Europe where from the 18th century it is used as a food supplement and a medicine. The English doctors used fish oil to treat chronic rheumatism as long ago as in 1722. But only in the 19th century it has become popular among all the modern European Union.
The benefits of the fish oil were discovered by accident. Once, an Austrian doctor, Max Kassowitz was working on a cure for rachitis and syphilis. He had tried various medicines until he decided to use phosphorus. He spent many years giving the sick people doses of phosphorus and truly believed that he’d made a breakthrough. Dozens of happy patients have proven the miraculous power of phosphorus. He died in 1913 without knowing what exactly healed all those people. That was the fish oil. He dissolved doses of phosphorus in fish oil for better digestion. And today Kassowitz is considered one of the first doctors to use fish oil for medicinal purposes.
In the 20th century a more detailed study of the effects of fish oil on humans began.
In 1923 American scientist first discovered the fatty acids in the fish oil. They called it vitamin F and the idea of essential fatty acids was born. After conducting research on rats, scientists found that they are vital substances, but the body can’t produce them independently. In 1930, they’ve discovered that the vitamin F contains two different kinds of fatty acids: Omega 3 and Omega 6. Since then the interest to the fatty acids was rising from year to year.
Back in the 70s, an epidemiologist from Denmark determined the presence of omega-3 acids in marine fish. He wanted to know if the consumption of marine fish related to the health of cardiovascular system. It turned out that the Eskimos much less suffer from heart attacks. But the Eskimos who moved to Copenhagen had the same problems as the rest of Denmark because of a change in their diet. Scientists have also tried to explain the long life of the Japanese people by their food preferences.
The first great success in the study of omega 3 was achieved by researchers from Sweden. In 1982 they received Nobel Prize for describing the effects of omega-3 acid deficiency on human health. By the early 90’s, Omega 3 was widely used as a food supplement. Many famous sportsmen and cosmetologists admitted its benefits and started to promote the use of fatty acids throughout the world.
Nowadays we use modern technologies to get the best fish oil that is rich in Omega 3. The fish production goes whole another level. The main producers of fish oil are increasing their fishing volumes. This creates serious environmental problems, so we are trying to find another source of Omega 3. The best plant source of fatty acids is the algae.
Studying the nutritional composition of reindeer meat, the scientists found a large amount of Omega 3 in them. They found out that reindeer accumulate fatty acids while eating the lichens. And the lichen or the reindeer moss is, in fact, terrestrial algae. That’s exactly why the fish contains that much of Omega 3. The algae are its natural food and in the northern waters the fish accumulates a lot of Omega 3 in the body. In recent years, we have established the production of algae. Now they are ecological farms in clean water, which serve for the extraction of useful microelements. We begin to consciously relate to what we consume, therefore we do not destroy algae in nature and do not violate natural harmony.
Our body works like the body of other animals, accumulating beneficial fatty acids. We hope that global fish extermination will be stopped with the development of Omega 3 production from Algae.